Right to Information 2005
In case of R.P.Limited v Indian Express Newspapers, the Supreme Court provided that Article 21 which provides Fundamental Right of life or personal liberty includes Right to Know. Supreme Court expanded the meaning of Liberty from just mere bodily restrain to right to hold a particular opinion and nurture that opinion.
The Right to Information Act, 2005 was enacted to provide right to information for citizens of India and access to information under the control of public authorities. This was done to promote transparency and accountability of every public authority. For this purpose a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions are constituted which take care of the matters connected therewith or incidental to right to information.
Right to Information (RTI) Act in 2005 came into force from October 12, 2005.
It extends to the whole of India except the State ofJ ammu and Kashmir.
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE Right to Information, Act
• RTI Act 2005 provides a very definite day for its commencement i.e. 120 days from enactment.
• RTI Act 2005 shall apply to Public Authorities.
• All citizens shall have the right to information, subject to provisions of the RTI Act 2005.
• The Public Information Officers/Assistant Public Information Officers will be responsible to deal with the requests for information and also to assist persons seeking information.
• Fee will be payable by the applicant depending on the nature of information sought.
• Certain categories of information have been exempted from disclosure under Section 8 and 9 of the Act.
• Intelligence and security agencies specified in Schedule II to the RTI Act 2005 have been exempted from the ambit of the Act, subject to certain conditions.
As per Section 2 (h) of Right to Information, Act 2005 “Public authority” means any authority or body or institution of self government established or constituted
(i) By or under the Constitution;
(ii) By any other law made by Parliament;
(iii) By and other law made by State Legislature;
(iv) By notification issued or order made by the appropriate Govt.
As Per Section 2(i) of Right to Information, Act 2005 “Record” includes
(a) any document, manuscript and file;
(b) any microfilm, microfiche and facsimile copy of a document;
(c) any reproduction of image or images embodied in such microfilm (whether enlarged or not); and
(d) any other material produced by a computer or any other device
AS per Section 2 (f) of Right to Information, Act 2005 “Information” means any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form
These online MCQ Mock tests and MCQ questions includes all main concepts of the chapter (Right to Information) in CS Executive Module II Industrial, Labour and General Law (ILGL MCQ based OMR) Exam