Organisation

Organizations exist in every aspect of our lives which includes not only society, economy but also includes our personal life. Organisation is an important function of management. It is not only structural but also procedural. 
 
STEPS OF ORGANISATION
·         Identify and classify activities of an enterprise which are consistent with organizational objective.
·         Group these activities into departments.
·         Delegate authority along with responsibility to carry out organizational activities.
·         Establish superior subordinate relations in departments created.
·         Make provisions for effective coordination among departments.
 
FEATURES OF ORGANISATION
·         Organisation is a sub process of management
·         Organisation is goal oriented
·         Organisation deals with group efforts within departments and among departments of an organisation.
·         Organisation is based on the principle of division of work.
·         Organisation establishes authority-responsibility relationships among the members of an organisation.
 
BENEFITS OF ORGANISATION
·         Organisation helps in administration as it makes it easy for the management to relate the flow of resources for organizational objectives.
·         Organisation helps in growth and diversification as it provides clear division of work and delegation of authority.
·         Organisation helps in efficient use of resources as it helps in achieving specialization.
·         Organisation helps in adoption of latest technology.
 
TYPES OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
FORMAL ORGANISATION STRUCTURE
Formal organisation structure means structure of jobs and positions with defined functions and relationship. Formal organizational structure can be of following types
(1) Line Organisation
(2) Functional Organisation
(3) Line and Staff Organisation
(4) Project Management Organisation
(5) Matrix Organisation.
 
INFORMAL ORGANISATION STRUCTURE
Informal organisation come into existence not because of any organizational effort but because of personal liking, attitudes, disliking etc. informal organisation exist in every formal organisation. Informal organisation help in
·         Maintaining and continuing cultural values of a group
·         Provide social satisfaction
·         Develop an informal mode of communication
 
Authority
In early times authority was defined as legal power. Henry Fayol defined authority as right to give orders and obtain obedience. However in modern management it is described as right of manager to command his subordinates. This right is received by manager due to organizational structure.
 
Accountability
Accountability means answerability for the achievement of the task assigned by the superior to his subordinate.
 
These online Mock Tests and online Multiple Choice Questions Test (MCQ) for CS Foundation cover all the important concepts and questions from Chapter Planning of exam Business Management Ethics and Communication (BMEC) for CS foundation.

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