Pollution is the biggest challenge for the mankind in modern times. Main reason for rise of pollution at such level is rapid and unchecked industrialization. It is important to reduce the pollution to create a healthy environment for ourselves and our coming generation. Due to this reason Indian Government and various international bodies have made laws and protocols. For a student who is appearing for any competitive exam or entrance exam related to law like CLAT, NLU, IAS, SSC etc must be well versed with these concepts. Some of these concepts are explained below.
Tiwari Committee was setup to recommend Indian Legislature about creating a legislative and administrative committee in India to strengthen the arrangements towards environment protection. As recommended by Tiwari Committee Department of Environment (DOE) was established to create environment development projects, monitor air and water quality and to promote such research activities.
However there were many deficiencies hence in 1985 Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) was created. This agency comprised of 18 divisions and two independent units. It had a Union Minister and Minister of State who were directly answerable to the PM.
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 was passed but after Bhopal Gas Tragedy Environments Protection Act 1986 was passed which is also known as Umbrella Legislation.
Kyoto Portocol is an international agreement which is linked to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Parties committed to this protocol are setting emission rates so the industrial pollution can be checked and controlled.
Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto Japan on 11 December 1997 and came into force on 16 February 2005. As per Kyoto Protocol its member contries must meet their emission targets.
These online MCQ Mock Test and MCQ questions includes all main concepts of the Chapter (Environmental Laws) in CLAT(Common Law Admission Test).